Since summer will soon be here I thought a post on grilling and smoking would be in order….
Then I realized that I don’t know anything about grilling and smoking…
I went to the source: Mon mari
As he’s just been sitting around playing video games and watching golf on TV he was more than happy to accomodate my request.
Okay, he actually wrote this for my website a few years ago, when he actually had free time.
I give you the final word (in our house) on summer cooking:
I have been cooking outdoors on barbecue grills for about 50 years. I learned this skill from my father who liked to cook on charcoal in the 1950’s, long before it became popular. Over the years, I have learned a few things about outdoor cooking, and the numerous grills available. I’d like a to share these ideas.
I have 4 grills that I use on a regular basis:
1) A standard gas grill with lava rocks that I use for everyday summer cooking, and I do mean every day from April until the end of October. Although I prefer the flavor of food done on charcoal or wood, the gas grill is convenient and quick. I use it for any type of meat, fish or vegetables.
It is important to have a gas grill with dual burners, and an upper second shelf. The dual burners, because I may be doing 2 or 3 things at once, or may want to cook with indirect heat. The second top shelf is to keep things warm, or for slow cooking of vegetables or potatoes.
I warm up the gas grill about 10 to 15 minutes before I start cooking. This insures more consistent results from day to day as the starting heat will be about the same.
2) My second grill is a round, covered, Weber kettle grill. I use this for the slow cooking of poultry or roasts – cooking time of 45 minutes or more. I always cook on this grill with indirect heat. By this, I mean I never place the item I am cooking directly over the coals.
I normally use regular charcoal rather than briquettes, but in my case, regular charcoal is readily available, and much cheaper than briquettes. Either will work fine. Charcoal gives off a little more smoke, and is easier and quicker to light. It does however burn much faster than briquettes. Sometimes, I supplement the charcoal with bits of wood to give a smoky flavor. Oak, apple, hickory or mesquite all add nice flavor.
3) The third grill is a small, portable, charcoal grill – about 18″ x 12″ (45 x 30 cm) and about 6″ (15cm) deep. I use this for steaks and chops that I want to cook over a hot fire, and directly over the coals. This produces a nice steak or chop with a slightly charred outside. It requires careful attention to avoid burning the outside. The grilling grid is about 2″ to 3″ (5 – 7.5 cm) above the coals. The cooking time is normally very short.
Briquettes are the best for this style of grill because charcoal pieces are irregular in size, and produce uneven heat. With briquettes, the heat is even and hot. I do not start cooking until the coals are completely glowing – good and hot. I spread the glowing coals evenly to the same area that the food will cover and place the cooking grid in place at least 5 minutes before I start cooking, to get it hot.
The advantage of the small grill is that I do not use so much charcoal to produce a hot fire. The bigger kettle grill would use 2 or 3 times more charcoal, and the cooking grid on the kettle grill is several inches above the coal.
4) Finally, the smoker. This is a cylindrical, dome covered grill about 18″ (45cm) in circumference and 30″ (75cm) high. It has a pan for charcoal or wood on the bottom. There’s a pan in the middle for water to help control the temperature and catch the drippings. Then, 2 tiers of grids above that, with a few inches between them.
This is not a true smoker, as a true smoker does not cook the food. This type of smoker cooks and smokes at the same time. I use it for fish – particularly salmon, poultry and pasta. The process is very slow, 2 to 3 hours or more, but produces lovely results. The pan for charcoal on the bottom tier is dishpan shaped. I modified this because I found the fire difficult to maintain, so I drilled 1/4″ holes in the bottom and added a small round grate (purchased at the hardware store) to hold the coals up from the bottom of the pan about 1″. This allows good circulation for the fire.
I start the fire with charcoal. After it gets going, I start the cooking- smoking process and add some wood chunks. Same as above – oak, apple, hickory or mesquite. Bags of chips are available at most places where charcoal is available. These need to be soaked in water for about ½ hour, or they will burn off right away. The damp wet wood chips smolder on the hot coals and produce the smoke. I also use bigger chunks of apple or oak, about 3″ to 4″. These burn slowly, and add smoke. I add more charcoal and wood chunks as needed to keep the fire going. Add wood chips about every ½ hour. Since a great deal of smoke is emitted, be sure to place the smoker strategically.
Practial tips: I often use 2 or 3 grills when entertaining. The smoker for a smoked salmon starter and smoked pasta (sounds strange but it is wonderful!). The gas grill for roasting vegetables and/or potatoes, and the portable grill for the steaks or lamb chops.
Buy good quality grills. Especially the gas grill. Replacement parts will prolong the life of the grill. I replace the burner and grates of my gas grill about every 2 years. Before you buy, look in the owners manual to see if replacement grates and burners are available. With luck you may also find replacement burners and grates at places like Home Depot. The grates of a Weber grill are readily available, and need to be replaced periodically.
The weather can have an affect on cooking time, and time for the coals to get ready for cooking. The cooler weather tends to add to cooking time. The coals do not start as fast, or burn as hot in damp weather. It is difficult to keep a fire going in the smoker when it is cold and damp
Now – for a few favorite recipes
And one new:
Preparation and cooking time: 35 – 55 minutes
You could make smaller burgers, but we like this big one. Cut into wedges, with cheese oozing out of the center…. This one is filled with mushrooms, olives and Gruyère.
12oz (350gr) ground beef (mince)
2 slice prosciutto
2oz (60gr) mushrooms
10 black, olives, Greek or Kalamata
1oz (30gr) Gruyère
1 tsp olive oil
wire grill-basket or a mesh grill pan
Trim and chop mushrooms. Chop olives. Cut Prosciutto into thin strips. Oil grill basket / mesh pan.
Divide beef in half. On plates or waxed paper pat each half into a thin patty, 8 or 9 inches (20 – 23cm) in diameter.
Spread mushrooms, olives and Prosciutto over 1 patty to within 1/2 inch of edge. Lay cheese on top. Flatten the second patty a bit more and carefully put it on top and work the edges together with your fingers to seal. Slide or tip it on to the grill basket and close basket. If you don’t use a basket you’ll need a plate or baking sheet to help turn it.
Grill for 8 – 10 minutes over medium-high heat, carefully turn and grill another 8 – 10 or until done. When cheese starts oozing out of the edge I consider it done.
Remove to platter, cut into wedges and serve.