Chicken Breasts Duxelles; the sauces

Last week I gave a brief primer on ‘styles‘ in food.

This week it’s sauces.

Sauces are a bit more simple.

Note I did not say sauces were simple.

Like anything in the kitchen, there are the basic sauces and the modifications made by the person wielding the spoon.

The well-known:

  • allioli – garlic mayonnaise
  • mayonnaise – egg yolks, vinegar, lemon juice, olive oil
  • hollandaise – egg yolks, lemon juice and butter
  • béarnaise – egg yolks, vinegar, white wine, tarragon, shallots, butter
  • tartare – mayonnaise with hard-cooked egg yolks, oill vinegar, chives, capers
  • vinaigrette – oil and vinegar
  • bourguignonne – red wine, carrot, onion, bacon

The fairly common:

  • demi-glace – brown sauce, reduced and strengthened with veal stock
  • béchemal – white sauce of butter, flour, milk flavored with onion, nutmeg
  • bordelaise – demi-glace with red or white wine, shallots, tomato sauce
  • Périgueux – demi-glace with Madeira, chopped truffles
  • périgourdine – Périgueux with sliced rather than chopped truffles
  • rémoulade – mayonnaise with gherkins, mustard, capers, anchovy
  • chausser – demi-glace with mushrooms, white wine, tomato paste
  • duxelles – demi-glace with mushrooms, shallots, white wine

The less common:

  • noir – browned butter, capers, parsley, vinegar
  • bigerade – demi-glace, oranges, wine, Curacao
  • suédoise – apple compote, mayonnaise, mustard, horseradish
  • saupiquet – hare’s blood, hare’s liver, shallots, red wine, vinegar
  • lyonnaise – demi-glace, onions, white wine, vinegar
  • Miroton – lyonnaise with more onions, more white wine
  • gribiche – hard-boiled egg yolks, oil, vinegar, herbs, gherkins, capers

Sauce were much less disconcerting….

Salmon Cakes with Sauce Tartare

Salmon Cakes
Boeuf Bourguignonne

Boeuf Bourguignonne

Poached Eggs Bourguignonne

Eggs Red Wine

Tournedos with Marchand de Vin Sauce

Tournedos Marchand de Vin

Macaroni and Cheese

Macaroni and Cheese

Duxelles is more commonly served with veal chops – but it’s equally good with chicken.
Chicken Duxelle
Chicken Breasts Duxelles

2 chicken breasts, boneless, skinless
1/4 cup white wine
1 tbs olive oil 
Duxelles Sauce 
2 shallots (2oz, 60gr)
4oz (120gr) mushrooms
1 tbs olive oil
1/2 tsp paprika
1/4 cup white wine
1/4 cup chicken stock
1 tbs tomato paste
1 tsp dried parsley
1/2 tsp dried rosemary

Duxelles: Finely chop the shallots and mushrooms. Heat the butter in a medium nonstick skillet over medium heat until bubbly. Add the shallots and mushrooms and sauté, until golden brown, 6 – 8 minutes. Add the white wine and scrape up any brown bits. Cook until wine is almost completely reduced, about 1 tbs left. Add stock, tomato paste and herbs. Stir well, simmer until thickened. Remove from heat and cover to keep warm.
Chicken: Heat olive oil in medium nonstick skillet. Add chicken breasts and sauté until golden, about 5 minutes per side. Add white wine. Cover, reduce heat and simmer for 10 minutes. Arrange on Duxelles and serve. 

7 thoughts on “Chicken Breasts Duxelles; the sauces”

  1. Saving this – love the sauce – sucker for white wine and shallots combined. I have a running argument with a friend about Italian and French cuisine and which is cuisine? But the French do their sauces so well…

  2. Mmmm… duxelles. I love duxelles. We’ve never put tomato into ours though – must try that. (ours is just onions, mushrooms, thyme, sherry)
    THank you for the handy sauce list. Remind me not to actively seek out saupiquet (the last hare stew I had was insanely tough and hard to swallow) I think I will also steer clear of gribiche – what if the eggs haven’t really been hard boiled? ;-]

  3. I had never heard of a few of the less-common sauces:noir, bigerade,
    suédoise, Miroton and gribiche. I had heard of saupiquet, but I’m not so sure I’m happy to know what it is!

  4. Claudia, I wouldn’t touch that argument…. Love white wine and shallots!
    Suzanne, thanks – also love winter cooking 😉
    Ina, I’m the same – kept thinking ‘Oh THAT’s what it’s called’
    Elizabeth, I thought of you when I didn’t include all the sauces ‘thickened with egg (raw) yolk ;-))
    Betty, I’ve seen them on menus… I have a little guide that I’m supposed to have with me, but rarely do (and when I do I don’t look anyway)
    Thanks, Gilli!

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